Sociology is the study of society, it is the area of human sciences that studies human behavior in function of the environment and the processes that interconnect individuals in associations, groups and institutions. While the individual in his or her singularity is studied by psychology, sociology has a theoretical-methodological basis for the study of social phenomena, trying to explain them and analyzing human beings in their relations of interdependence. Understanding different societies and cultures is one of the objectives of Sociology. In short, it is the discipline that studies the human forms of interaction. It is a social science – a term sometimes synonymous with it – that uses various methods of empirical research and critical analysis to develop and refine a theoretical field of knowledge about human social activity, sometimes with the aim of applying this knowledge in the search of social welfare. The topics they cover range from minimal level of interactions and exchanges to the broad spectrum of abstract social systems and structures.
Thus, Sociology is, methodologically and thematically, a very broad discipline. Its traditional focus includes social stratification, social classes, social mobility, religion, law and duty. All spheres of human activity are shaped by the social structure and action of the individual. Sociology gradually expanded its focus to include other subjects such as health, militarism, penal institutions, the internet, and even the rules for social activity in the development of scientific knowledge.
Research in Sociology
The results of sociological research are not of interest only to sociologists. Covering all areas of human conviviality – from family relations to the organization of large corporations, the role of politics in society or religious behavior, Sociology may come to interest, in varying degrees of intensity, several other areas of knowledge . However, the main interest in the production and systematization of sociological knowledge today is the State, which is usually the main financier of research in this scientific discipline, and organized civil society such as social movements. Like all science, Sociology intends to explain the totality of its research universe. For this reason, sociological knowledge, through its concepts, theories and methods, can be an excellent tool for people to understand the situations they face in everyday life, their multiple social relations and, consequently, themselves as inevitably social beings.
The occupation of the sociologist
Sociologists make frequent use of quantitative social research techniques (such as Statistics) to describe widespread patterns in social relations. This helps to develop models that can understand social change and how individuals respond to these changes. In some fields of study of sociology, qualitative techniques – such as targeted interviews, group discussions and ethnographic methods – allow a better understanding of social processes according to the explanatory objective. The courses of quantitative / qualitative techniques usually serve different explanatory objectives or depend on the nature of the object explained by certain sociological research: the use of quantitative techniques is associated with macro-sociological research; qualitative ones, to the microsociological investigations. However, the use of both data collection techniques may be complementary, since micro-sociological studies may be associated with or assist in better understanding macro sociological problems.
When choosing the topic of Sociology article
One of the most important steps for writing Sociology article is the choice of topic. Remember that the writing process includes research on the subject, reading a lot of material and books. So it is always good to choose the subject that the student is familiar with and feel comfortable with.
Here are some tips that may be important in choosing the topic of Sociology article:
- Avoid subjects that are repetitive and very common;
- Focus on the issues and try to delimit them from each other;
- Search the Internet for information on other Sociology article topics to get a sense of what has already been written and researched;
- Do not choose the themes you found on the Internet pages, as they will not demonstrate your originality and ideas;
- Carefully elaborate on the theme and avoid too short themes that could induce too great a range;
- Avoid themes that look like phrases with no ideas;
- Summarize the ideas that came up when choosing the theme;
- Feel safe with the chosen theme and be objective.
The writing of the sociology article text
As the sociology article (or any other scientific article) is the presentation of the results of investigations or studies carried out on an issue. The main objective of an article is to be a quick and succinct means of disseminating and making known, the doubt investigated, the theoretical reference used (the theories that served as the basis for guiding the research), the methodology used, the results achieved and the main difficulties encountered in the investigation process or in the analysis of an issue. Thus, the problems addressed in the articles may be the most diverse: they may be part of issues that are historically controversial, or of new theoretical or practical problems.
The structure of the Sociology article
When writing the article text of Sociology, it is necessary to follow a certain structure, so that all the work can be later visualized and understood correctly. In short, the article should have the following structure:
Title: Must understand the key concepts that the topic ends, and be numbered to indicate, in footnote, the purpose of it.
Author: The author of the article should come from the center for the right margin.
Epigraph (optional): It is an optional element, which expresses a thought referring to the central content of the article.
Abstract and Abstract: Text with a predetermined number of words, where the purpose of the article is exposed, the methodology used to solve the problem and the results achieved. Abstract is the abstract translated into English, with some journals accepting the translation into another language.
Keywords: These are characteristic words of the theme that serve to index the article and can be up to 6 words long.
Content (Introduction, textual development and conclusion): The body of the article. The objective of the Introduction is to situate the reader in the context of the researched topic, offering a global view of the study, clarifying the delimitations established in the subject approach, the objectives and justifications that led the author to such research, and then search queries for which you will search for the answers. It is also necessary to highlight the Methodology used in the work. In short: it presents and delimits the research doubt, the objectives and the methodology used in the study. In Development, the author should make an exposition, analysis and a discussion of the theories that were used to understand and clarify the problem, presenting them and relating them to the doubt investigated. . It is important to explain the arguments in an explanatory or demonstrative way with references. Soon after the analysis and discussions of the results, the Conclusion and the findings of the text are presented, evidencing with clarity and objectivity the deductions extracted from the results obtained or pointed out during the discussion of the subject. At the moment they are related to the diverse ideas developed throughout the work, in a process of synthesis of the main results, with the comments of the author and the contributions provided by the research.
References: References are a set of elements that allow the identification, in whole or in part, of documents printed or registered in different types of materials, which must have been mentioned in the text of the work and must comply with the ABNT 6023/2000 Standards. It is a listing of the books, articles and other elements of authors actually used and referenced throughout the article.
Considering that the Sociology article is characterized by extremely succinct work, it is required to have some qualities: correct and precise language, coherence in argumentation, clarity in the presentation of ideas, objectivity, conciseness and fidelity to the sources mentioned. For these qualities to manifest, it is necessary, above all, that the author has a broad knowledge of what he is writing.