Chemistry is the science that studies the composition, structure, properties of matter, the changes it undergoes during chemical reactions and their relation to energy. The development of this science was based on the observations of experiments, and is therefore considered an experimental science.
Professionals trained in chemistry deal with the transformation of matter and study their reactions when they undergo changes in temperature, pressure or when they react with chemical elements.
One of the most common paths for chemistry professionals is the academic career.
In industry, the chemist performs activities related to the development and improvement of products with respect to their composition and chemical properties. In a production line, the chemist can supervise the production process, develop strategies for the treatment of products and waste and control the quality of the whole manufacturing process.
Environmental chemistry is one of the areas that has gained considerable prominence. In this area the chemical can conduct surveys and assessments, prepare reports and opinions on the conservation and environmental protection work in the treatment of industrial waste and develop pollution control practices.
Profile of the professional trained in Chemistry
Because it is an activity that is constantly changing, the professional trained in chemistry must be dynamic and keep abreast of the scientific and technological advances in this area.
Interest in conducting experiments is an important characteristic for a good chemist. In addition, mastering techniques, equipment and laboratory materials assists in the practice of their activities.
Work market for chemists
The best job opportunities for professionals trained in chemistry are in education and industry. The petrochemical, renewable energy and nanotechnology industries are major contractors for professionals in the field. Chemists also find employment opportunities in the paint, hygiene and cleaning industries, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, polymers and more.
Professionals who opt for the academic career find employment opportunities throughout the country. There is a shortage of teachers from all areas for basic education. Public and private universities hire chemists to act as teachers and also as researchers and writers of chemistry articles.
About the Chemistry article
Writing and publishing a scientific article may not be an easy task. The elaboration of any research requires precision and mastery over the subject. However, students are often left in doubt about the correct way to work out their work and where to start.
There are three types of chemistry articles that are usually produced by students. All three types of writing follow the same standard rules, but require slightly different sections. These are:
Review: A review paper summarizes published research by other authors on common topics. This type of work focuses on research that has already been published and rigorously documented. However, no experimental data will be included in the review work.
Research proposal: The research proposal describes the research that the author intends to complete, often with the intention of obtaining funding. These articles can be published in appropriate journals to support the proposal as well as the original ideas.
Research paper: A research paper is the most important version of writing chemistry article and comprises most of the primary literature in the discipline.
How to Write the Chemistry Article?
As in any academic work, the phases of a chemistry article are: introduction, development and conclusion.
When writing an academic / scientific paper, one should first determine the subject of the research well, select keywords for bibliographic search in databases, collect bibliographic material, read material, summarize important information, and initiate planning the preparation of their work. It is important to have a complete idea of your work.
At the time of writing, it is necessary to observe if the ideas of the research are not contradicting each other. Introduction, development and completion should be very well aligned and related. All parties should be consistent and logical. Reread the text and see if it can maintain a unity. Do not use nonsense freshes.
When organizing these three phases of work it is necessary to observe the sections according to the norms requested for the work that is being developed (ABNT, ISO, Vancouver, etc.).
Elaboration of the text
The following is a brief definition of the phases of research for the elaboration of the chemistry article:
Title: It should reflect the content of the work, aims at balancing between conciseness and comprehensiveness, conveys a message with a minimum of words, attracts the reader to take an interest in his work. It is one of the last stages of the writing of the work, because it is in the final moment that the author has an overview of the work. It should be written around a central idea and should contain the message that one wants to convey, it must be well chosen, specific and objective, and attract the attention of the reader.
Authors Name: When publishing their works authors must always adopt the same form of citation of their names, facilitating in this way the research of their works.
Key words: Keywords are used to index scientific texts in databases facilitating the retrieval of articles in bibliographic research. They must be chosen carefully because they allow the location of the subject by those who are interested in researching a specific topic.
Summary: After reading the title is the summary that will lead the reader to take an interest in the whole work. The abstract should be short and intelligible to the readers and present the relevant points of the work.
Introduction: It is the referral of the reader to a preliminary view of the subject that will be the object of the research. It exposes what has already been published on the subject highlighting the relevance and interest of the research developed. In the introduction it is possible besides proposing hypotheses, to deal with the methodology used when it needs to be explained or justified, to briefly anticipate the main results and conclusions of the work.
Objective: It should describe in a clear way the purpose of the research, with specification of the aspects that will be approached. The objective will be to guide the writing not only of the methodology but, above all, of the results, the discussion and the conclusion, must be defined in a way that facilitates the reading and allows an easy and rapid evaluation.
Literature review: It is a presentation of the history of the subject addressed in the work, by citations and comments of the literature considered relevant. Citation should be made of relevant published works on the subject addressed, mentioning the important points of the work identified.
Methods: The topic including materials and methods should allow the reproduction of all or part of the work by another researcher who wants to reproduce this work using the same methodology.
Results: It is necessary to present the results in an organized and logical way, to provide the reader with the most representative information, to extract the most relevant and essential data from the results obtained and to present in a coherent picture of the panorama identified.
Discussion: It must be argumentative, have a more subjective character, can present the points for or against the ideas of the authors who studied the same subject. The main purpose is to show the relationships between the observed facts and to demonstrate the meaning of the obtained results.
Conclusion: It consists of the interpretation of the arguments or elements mentioned in the development of the work, admits no new idea, fact or argument. It should be brief, accurate, concise and be derived from the research, formulated to meet the objectives proposed in the paper.
References: The references form the set of precise and detailed indications that allow the identification of a document cited in whole or in part during the work. All references cited in the text should be listed in the references chapter following the guidelines.
Read about what has already been done and present a novelty
It is important to check various contents of the area to know everything that has already been said about the topic. In addition, you need to do a survey of publications that can be used to base your project. There is no good research without something new or relevant. A very repetitive research can not present great scientific contributions.